Two Marys

Two Marys

(as originally published in the Times Education Supplement April 2010)

A local school is closing. All that it  represents will be consigned to history. Cwm School, a warm and productive  place, will cease to be in September after over 130 years.
I have been able to look at the School Log  books which act as a record of the history of the school and they are so  fascinating. They were written by the head teacher and record the daily  activity of Cwm Board School Infants Department.
And they open a window on professional  lives that were not a great deal different from our own. The anxieties and the  pressures haven’t changed much, especially when it comes to Inspection.
First of all some background. Some of the  classes in the school were taken by pupil teachers who worked largely as  apprentices. They took charge of classes themselves but also had examinations  of their own, with a requirement for example to complete recitations of 100  lines of Paradise Lost or  Shakespeare’s King John. Their teaching  performance was a focal point of the inspection process since they had to  achieve certain standards or the school’s budget was reduced. In 1879 the two  pupil teachers started to cause concern, Mary Ann Hughes and Mary Jane Davies.
Mary Ann was first in trouble when she was  cautioned for neglecting her home lessons and thus failed the inspection.  Clearly not a girl for working at home. Perhaps she had better things to do.  But as a teacher at any time in history, if you can’t come to terms with the  preparation then you will struggle.
At the start of 1880 it was Mary Jane who  was in trouble. She hadn’t come to terms with this teaching business either. The  School Examiner Frederick Cole wrote in the school log book
Found Mary Jane Davies in charge of a  small class in the entrance porch working crochet – a thing forbidden in Board  School. She knew she was doing wrong, for she attempted to hide the work under  her handkerchief.
Oh dear. Same trouble, different times.  Today it is mobile phones. Thus in the next inspection she was told that she  must improve. Sadly, Mary Ann failed again. You could hardly say it was going  well though.
A year later the log book says their  classes “showed a little laxity in discipline, the children being inattentive  and talkative.” It was ever thus it seems to me but Inspectors have never liked  it. Their assessment was very clear. Mary Jane “passed an unsatisfactory  examination” and if she didn’t improve and failed the next inspection again,  then the school would receive a lower grant, since they would in effect be  employing an unqualified teacher. As always when money is mentioned then the  pressure is cranked up.
A week later in September 1881 the head  teacher recorded “Lessons neglected by M. J. Davies” and so Examiner Cole  returned to check on standards. Nothing much changes really, does it?  This time he wrote
I regret to remark that I detected M. A.  Hughes in a piece of deception during my examination of her class. She told a  child the answer to one of the sums given.
A teacher trying to save themselves by  inflating pupil performance? It is hard to believe isn’t it? These were clearly  troubled times.
The head and the managers of the school  were now on a mission. On 8 October 1881 it is recorded that lessons were  “unlearnt by Mary Jane Davies and Mary Ann Hughes.” Mary Jane’s response to  this pressure was quite simple. She was absent from school for a month.
This left Mary Ann in the spotlight alone.  She didn’t learn her history lesson and Examiner Cole was called in and issued  her with a caution. Whilst this was going on Mary Jane was dismissed by the  school board on 23 December 1881.
This must have created a sense of panic in  poor Mary Ann. She was unable to learn the lessons of history; literally so  since her history lesson was “unlearnt” three times in May 1882. Examiner Cole  said that her class had been “rather imperfectly taught in reading writing and  arithmetic.” It is clear that there was not a happy match between school and  pupil teacher.  This is a long time  before identification n of training needs or bullying tactics were considered  at all. No one asked what retraining she had received, No home visits or  supportive measures or return to work arrangements. Just an expectation that  Mary Jane would get on with it. But obviously she couldn’t. Her attendance  became an issue and on Wednesday 4 October she too was dismissed.
Perhaps it was for the best, who knows, but  it is a sad little story. What became of the two Marys? Perhaps I shall never  know but I hope that they found a job which better suited them both

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